ABSTRACTS ON FOREST PROTECTION

31) THE RODENTS ATTACKING POPLAR AND FAST GROWING EXOTIC SPECIES IN TURKEY

Year /Number: 1972/7                             ODC: 149:176.1.Populus:174.7.Pinus 
Author : YILDIZ, N.

Micratus arvalis Pallas appears everywhere in Turkey and it is very harmful to poplar and fast growing forest trees plantations. The best protection methods are cultural measures. Against to the rodent, grasses must be cut and soils must be cultivated under the plantations. So their nests must be broken down.


32) SOME COCCIDAE SPECIES WHICH ATTACK POPLAR TREES IN TURKEY

Year /Number : 1972/7                             ODC: 145.7:176.1.Populus 
Author : YILDIZ, N.

The most important insect of Coccidae species is Chionaspis salicis L. in East, South and Central Anatolia. Generally it is seen on the willows. It can be seen also on the young and weak poplar plantations. Some times it can be deally for branches and stems. In the winter time D.N.O.C. and in the summer time mixed DDT and Parathion are applied to trees as chemicals.


33) THE INSECT WHICH ATTACK PILED POPLAR WOOD: Clytyus rusticus L.

Year /Number:1972/7                             ODC: 145.7:176.1.Populus 
Authors: SEKENDIZ, O., YILDIZ, N.

Clytyus rusticus L. the important insect which attacks to the piled poplar wood. It was observed in Marmara and Central Anatolia. It attacks to dry branches and stems. It has 1 generation in a year. Against this insect, the taking clean of poplar plantations is the best measure.


34) SOME INVESTIGATION WITH PRESSURE INJECTION AGAINST XYLOPHAGE POPLAR INSECTS 

Year /Number : 1972/7                             ODC: 145.7:414:176.1.Populus 
Authors: SEKENDIZ, O., YILDIZ, N.

If with the 5 atmosphare pressure we inject some liquid insecticides (Parathion, Fostrin, Dipterex 0.3 %) into the Sciapteron tabaniformis's galleries, all caterpillars will die in poplar plantation areas and nurseries. Application time must be in March, April or September. After these treatments, the result are sufficient.


35) INVESTIGATION ON THE BIOLOGY, CONTROL AND PROTECTION METHODS OF Capnodis miliaris Klug.

Year /Number: 1974/9                             ODC: 145.7:19.66:176.1.Populus 
Author : YILDIZ, N.

Capnodis milliaris Klug. causes serious damage in Western Southern and South-Eastern Anatolia, where the vegetation period is warm and dry. Especially it can be destructive 40 % in nurseries. The generation of that insect is two years. It lays its eggs during the period from the beginning of June to the end of August in Turkey. It leaves its eggs on the earth into the fissure of the soil. The duration of the hatching of eggs is 12-13 days. By the increase in the humidity, the death of the eggs increases. Capnodis milliaris is known as a secondary pest therefore modern cultural technique methods are necessary in establishing poplar nurseries and new poplar plantations free from attack. With Parathion insecticides are applied at the protection, systemic insecticides are applied at the chemical control. Metasistox-R (0.2-0.3 %) or Rogor (0.2-0.3 %) have been giving very effective result against Capnodis milliaris's young larvas. Up to now we couldn't establish any parasites of them.


36) THE FUNGI WHICH INFEST TO LEAVES OF INDIGENOUS AND CULTIVATED POPLARS IN TURKEY

Year /Number:1975/10                             ODC: 443:172.1:176.1.Populus 
Author : VURAL, M.

There are five poplar sections in the World and Turkey has members of four poplar sections. For this reason, the fungi which infest to leaves of indigenous and cultivated poplars were studied by the sistematical aspect. These fungi are : Taprina aurea (Pers.) Fr., Taphrina Jahansonil Sadep., Uncinula salicis (D.C.) Wint., Melampsora allii-populina Kleb., Melampsora pulcherrima (Bub.) Maire., Melampsora pinitorqua Rostr., Septoria populi Desm., Phyllostica osteospora Sacc., Darluca filum (Biv. ex. Fr.) Cast., Marssonina Brunnea (Ell. et. ev.) P. Magn., Marssonina populi-nigrae (Lib.) Kleb., Marssonina castegnei (Desm. et Mont.) Magn., Gloeosporium tremulae (Lib.) Pass., Gloeosporium populi-albae Desm., Ramularia uredinis (Voss.) Sacc., Cladosporium epiphyllum (Pers.) Fr., Pollaccia radiosa (Lib.) Bald. et Cif., Pollaccia elegans Serv., Fumago vagans Pers.


37) INVESTIGATION ON THE DISTRIBUTION, BIOLOGY, PROTECTION AND CONTROL METHODS OF Phllodecta vitellinae L.

Year /Number: 1975/10                             ODC: 145.7:19.87:176.1.Populus 
Author : YILDIZ, N.

Phyllodecta vitellinae L. is found in poplar nurseries and plantations in Marmara-Thracia and Black Sea regions of Turkey. P. vitellinae L. has 2 or 3 generations in a year in our country, and sometimes it can be very harmful for poplar foliage. It's known as a primary pest. Larvae of this insect eat poplar foliage without eating veins of foliage. Especially these are very dangerous for one year old poplar trees. So they can kill all of young poplar and willov trees. P. vitellinae L. become harmful for all of saplings in poplar nurseries, too. As a protection, contact insecticides must be sprayed all of the wood materials and fences where adult insects live in them, in plantation area, in the winter time. According to our observations, it has been giving very effective result, against P. vitellinae L. adults. We can apply systemic and contact insecticides (0.1-0.2 %) against larvae and adults of this insect during the vegetation period. But liquid spraying is impossible on the high plantations, therefore we must use dust insecticides in these plantations, for example Korcide 3.10.0.dust, D.D.T. dust and so on.


38) INVESTIGATION ON THE DISTRIBUTION, BIOLOGY,PROTECTION AND CONTROL METHODS OF Saperda populnea L.

Year /Number : 1975/10                             ODC: 145.7:19.88:176.1.Populus 
Author : YILDIZ, N.

Saperda populnea L. is found in Isatnbul, Izmit, Bursa, Bandirma, Edirne, Adapazari, Hendek, Sapanca, Düzce, Bolu, Mengen, Caycuma, Denizli, Beysehir, Manisa in Turkey. Larvae of this insect make some galleries into the poplar branches which live in them. According to our observations, 1-6 numbers of galleries were found on one poplar branch. The life cycle of this insect is completed in two years in our Country. Saperda populnea L. prefers branches of poplar, willow and P. tremulae which are 1-2 cm thickness, or 2-6 years old poplar, willow and P. tremulae stems. This insect causes very important harm on the young poplar stems. But it isn't important on the old poplar branches and stems are broken or died. Modern cultural technique methods are necessary in establishing new poplar plantations free from attack. Such as branch pruning must be made on time and enough irrigation must be made, and enough cultivation also. Systemic and contact insecticides are protection if we can apply at the flying time of adults. Before flying adults, we must cut under the galls, and burn all of them. This is very useful to decrease population.


39) INVESTIGATION ON THE CHEMICAL CONTROL OF Evetria bouliana (Schiff.) ATTACKING FAST GROWING EXOTIC CONIFEROUS PLANTATIONS IN TURKEY

Year /Number: 1976/11                             ODC: 145.7:18.26:414:174.7.Pinus 
Authors: YILDIZ, N., GULER, N.

In the fast growing forest trees, especially in P. radiata the effects of Evetria buoliana have been serious and chemical treatment has been sought at Isiktepe in the Marmara region. Before the experiment began E. buoliana's life cycle was observed to find the most effective time for insecticide treatment. As a result of this study two choices were found : A- When the caterpillars were already into the shoots of the tree: We applied three different dosages of systemic insecticides like Folimat 50 Em. and Rogor R. 40 which were applied in the begining of April. The dosages were 0.3 %, 0.4 %, 0.5 %. All of them gave us the same result, so we decided to use Folimat 0.3 % or Rogor 0.3 %. Both of these insecticides were effective enough to kill the caterpillars in this situation. B- Before any young caterpillars antry was made into the shoots: A prevention method was also tested with contact dust insecticides (Korcide 3.10.0 and Hektavin 5 % Sevin) were applied to protect against the young caterpillars and adults during the flying stage preventing egg development. These insecticides were applied two times, the first 1-3 days after the first. The most appropriate times for the Marmara Region for the first treatment is between the 15-20 of June and the second from 30 June to 5 July. In this way, Korcide 3.10.0. dust and Hektavin 5 % Sevin dust were applied on the trees during the emergence and hatching periods. Both applications, of either insecticide, at the rate of 12-16 kg/ha proved highly effective. The choice of insecticides because of equal efficiency is then left to the economic choice.


40) THE INSECTS WHICH ATTACK PILED POPLAR WOOD

Year /Number: 1981/1-16                             ODC: 145.7:176.1.Populus 
Authors: YILDIZ, N., GULER, N., ZENGINGONUL, K.A., AKKAN, A., ERTAN, E., SENLIK, K., PAMIR, E.

Some xylophagus pest on poplar wood which exist around plantation areas and similarly on piled poplar wood of some industrial factories, were observed by our section. Ptilunus fuscus Geoffr. (Coleoptera, Anobiidae), Dorcus parallelopipedus L. (Coleoptera, Lucanidae), Aegosoma scabricorne Scop. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Rhagium bifasciatum F. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Xylotrechus (Clytus) rusticus L. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Morimus asper Sulz. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Morimus funereus Muls. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Hylotrupes bajulus L. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) had been reported on planted poplar stems and cut stems. All of these insects can attack these dry and died or piled poplar wood in poplar plantation areas or outside of poplar plantations. Generally these are technique harmful insects. So we applied some investigations on the chemical control against these insects attacking piled poplar wood. In order to protect the poplar wood applied several kind of economic chemical methods. If we have to keep poplar woods in the store, we will use on of these chemical compound such as 0.8 % dosage of BCH+Methyl Alcohol, 0.5 dosage of Dieldrin+Gas-oil, Dieldrin+Methyl Alcohol n June and in September.

ABSTRACTS